Bed and Breakfast Gli olivi

la migliore risposta per trascorrere una vacanza in Toscana

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Monday 15 Jul 2019

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Firenze, città di circa mezzo milione di abitanti, sorge in riva all’Arno, tra il mare Tirreno e l’Adriatico, quasi al centro della penisola italiana. E’ una città vivace per attività industriali e artigiane, per scambi commerciali e culturali, per vita artistica e scientifica. Firenze conserva un eccezionale patrimonio d’arte, testimonianza splendida della sua secolare civiltà.

A Firenze vissero Cimabue e Giotto, padri della pittura italiana; Arnolfo e Andrea Pisano, rinnovatori dell’architettura e della scultura; Brunelleschi, Donatello e Masaccio, iniziatori del Rinascimento; Giberti e i Della Robbia; Filippo Lippi e l’Angelico; Il Botticelli e Paolo Uccello, e i geni universali di Leonardo e di Michelangelo. Le loro opere, con quelle di molte altre generazioni di artisti, fino ai maestri del nostro secolo, sono raccolte nei numerosi musei della città: gli Uffizi, la più selezionata pinacoteca del mondo; la Galleria Palatina, con le pitture dei “secoli d’oro”; il Bargello, con le sculture del Rinascimento; il museo di San Marco, con le opere dell’Angelico; l’Accademia, le Cappelle Medicee e la Casa Buonarroti, con le sculture di Michelangelo; i Musei Bardini, Horne, Stibbert, Romano, Corsini, la Galleria d’Arte Moderna, il Museo dell’Opera del Duomo, degli Argenti, delle Pietre Dure. Insigni monumenti segnano le tappe dellla civiltà artistica Pietre Dure.

Great monuments are the landmarks dellla Florentine artistic culture: the Baptistry with its mosaics, the Cathedral with its sculptures, the medieval churches with bands of frescoes; buildings public and private; Palazzo Vecchio, Palazzo Pitti, Palazzo Medici-Riccardi, Palace Alessandra, monasteries and cloisters, convents and coteries, and the Certosa. The Etruscan civilization in the Archaeological Museum a rich documentation.

In Florence, with Dante, the Italian language was born, with Petrarch and Boccaccio claimed literary studies; Humanism was renewed with the philosophy and valued classical culture. With Machiavelli modern political science was born, with the Guicciardini historical prose. With Galileo and his school was founded and established modern experimental science. Until the time of Charlemagne, Florence was home to a University which now includes dozens of specialized institutes and a Cultural Centre for Foreigners.

Intense activity in this area of the city contribute Academies and Schools of art, scientific institutes such as the Arcetri Astrophysical Observatory, the Institute for Research on Electromagnetic Waves, the Center of Nuclear Medicine; foreign universities, centers of history art and popular culture.

Of particular interest are numerous and science museums, from that of the History of Science at the Museum of Geology and Paleontology, to the Botanical Garden, the Museum of Mineralogy, to that of Anthropology and Ethnology, the glorious "Observatory". Nellla vast bibliographic collections are preserved in the National Library and other libraries famous: Laurentian, the Riccardiana, the Marucelliana.

Documents of great value are preserved in the State Archives and the Municipal. Throughout the year take place in Florence a series of events that can satisfy the most varied needs, especially in the city where he was born the modern melodrama, with the new art scene and choreography, musical events, starting with the "Maggio Musicale Fiorentino" whose summer and winter opera season takes place on the premises of the Municipal Theatre.

The center of Florence for the Italian Fashion organizes numerous trade shows throughout the year. In Florence there are organized exhibitions of international contemporary art on the issues and on particular aspects and figures of ancient art, especially on the occasion of the centenary celebrations. Features traditional events are the game of Calcio in Costume, the explosion of the cart (for Easter), the feast of St. John, etc..

Florence is famous for its handicrafts, high-class heir to a centuries-old tradition, and the elegance and good taste of his creations. From straw, a typical product of Florence, used for pleasant and original items of clothing and furniture, to work in leather and leather, renowned for the sophistication and careful execution, from ceramics to glass, from woodwork to metal ones; from furniture to knick-knacks, a number of desirable objects can provide opportunity to purchase affordable, suitable for all tastes, all ages, in all possibilities. The packaging and clothing have, in Florence, a special grace and originality; well-known are the articles of linen and embroideries. Highly sought after in the city that was the birthplace of Benvenuto Cellini, are the silver and oreficierie, jewelry and watermarks, mosaics characteristic of semi-precious stones. A particular attraction is exerted by objects large or small antiques, of which Florence is an active interchange.

Since the thirteenth century, travelers praised the Florentine hospitality, which subsequently developed into an imposing hotel organization, with more than 400 hotels of various categories that reach the capacity of 20,000 beds. Several campsites in the area and youth hostels.

Dozens of restaurants and typical trattorias placed in the center and in the surrounding hills, they offer the pleasure of a cuisine that makes use of simple and genuine dishes. In this kitchen is accompanied by Tuscan wines, justly famous, Chianti and the surrounding areas: the red wine, robust and flavorful, and the white wine, more graceful, sweet wines and the "vin santo". A complete equipment and numerous sporting events await in Florence fans of all sports. In addition to the stadium for the game of football, the racecourse for trotting and galloping, to the velodrome for cycling races, the city offers tennis courts, swimming pools, golf course 18 hole Ugolino, shooting ranges Hit and bowls, water polo and rowing centers, equestrian centers and horse riding company, an Aero Club, skating rinks, etc.. Modern sports complexes arise at Coverciano, in Bellariva, the Cascine and the Champ de Mars.